So, we know that Wolfe and Kryolan's neon/fluorescent/uv colors glow under black light. But many people have trouble figuring out the difference between terminology and just how to determine if something they are buying will actually glow under black light. The face and body painting industry uses all sorts of terms for products that really have a lot of artists confused. Split cakes, rainbow cakes, one-stroke cakes...what's the difference? Just another example we'll cover that another time! But it's the same in the neon paint category! So this is my attempt to explain things!
What is the difference between Neon, UV, Day Glow, Fluorescent...??
Most people use these terms simply as a way to say they are "super bright colors." If you want to make sure a product glows under a black light, the only question you need to ask is if the product itself reacts to UV light (like a black light) by fluorescing phosphors. Or in other words, "does it fluoresce under black light?" A paint labeled with any of these terms doesn't necessarily mean it reacts to UV light. I mean, usually it does in the face and body painting world, but not all products, colors, and industries use these words the same. So if you are doing a gig where your paints must glow under black light, make sure to ask the right questions before making a purchase.
Let's start with a mini lesson in the source of these terms...lights!
Neon is what you see in signage like the "open" sign above. They are made of long tubes that are bent into whatever shapes or letters are needed for the sign. These tubes emit actual colored light. Inside the tube is a low pressure gas. When a high voltage of electricity is run through the electrodes at each end of the tube, the gas "ionizes," and the electrons get all excited, in turn freaking out the atoms which emit colored light. The gasses inside the tube vary, since each gas emits a different color light. Neon, for example, emits red light. Argon creates an electric blue-green color, and so on. The light itself is colored!
Fluorescent lights are similar to neon lights in that they have a tube filled with gas with electrodes on each end. However, fluorescent lights have a mercury vapor inside, that emits UV (ultraviolet) light when ionized, instead of the colored light that neon lights emit. Well, if that is the case, then why aren't people in office buildings coming home with sunburn, you ask?! Well, the inside of fluorescent tubes are coated with a phosphor, which is able to soak up the UV rays, fluoresce (glow) when energized, and then emit those rays as visible light. So the light you see coming out of a fluorescent tube is actually the light that is given off by that phosphor coating.
So neon face paint is obviously not really "neon" literally. And neither is "fluorescent." Companies just uses the term "neon" to describe the fact that the colors are "really bright like a neon/fluorescent light."
Pigments and light are often used to help describe each other, but they can get confusing if you don't understand their origins. The brightest, whitest light is made up of every color of the spectrum. However, in terms of pigments or paints, white is the ABSENCE of color, and black is the presence of every color. So you can see how things can get very confusing very quickly when using light's terms to describe pigments, because they are opposites! But it makes sense that someone would use a bright light term to describe the brightness of their pigment/paint.
Not to be confused with a "party light" which is simply a normal bulb with a colored coating on it...A black light produces UVB light. Phosphors are what we actually see glowing under a black light. When they are exposed to radiation (like UVB), phosphors emit a visible light. So what they do is they pick up the UV rays that we normally can't see, and make them visible. Which is why other things look dark while the phosphors glow in a dark room with a black light.
So then why does your white shirt glow under black light? White naturally reflects light, so you see the reflection of the normal light itself, PLUS, many of the detergents used today have phosphors in them to make your shirts look super white in daylight. The two combined (daylight plus phosphors picking up the UV light) make your white shirt look super white. And the phosphors in your detergent make it glow under black light. And yes, many bodily fluids fluoresce under black light too...but we will try to avoid the gross hotel room images and move on to more pleasant things!
Now on to some fun face paint examples!!
I went out and bought a black light last night so that I could do some experimentation and share some visuals with you lovey people!! Now, like I said earlier, if you are looking for a black light, don't get a "party light" that looks like a purple or black light bulb. All that does is make the incandescent light look purple. You want an actual black light that produces UVB rays, not a light painted black, or it won't work.
I started out by making a new "glowing" header graphic for my neon paint section of my website (above). This was done with a swipe of my Wolfe Neon Rainbow cake, and then the black was all done using Wolfe Black. Here is a comparison of the Wolfe paints as they look in both normal daylight and under black light:
From there I decided to make some swatches for comparison between Wolfe, Ruby Red, TAG, Global, & Kryolan's neon paints. All fluoresce under black light. The two swatches on the far right are clear UV makeups.
|Neon makeup brand comparison under normal daylight|
|Neon makeup brand comparison under blacklight|
- The Wolfe paint looks like a light blue under daylight, but a dark blue under black light.
- Kryolan's blue looks like dark blue under daylight, but light blue under black light.
- Most of the yellows actually look more green under black light.
- Ruby Red doesn't have a lot of color differentiation, but they are the only ones that are FDA compliant.
Here are a few samples of the TAG neon split cakes when applied in their intended blended variations:
|TAG Neon Samples|
What Does "Day Glow" Mean?
This is the term that describes pigments that appear really right under normal daylight. Kryolan calls theirs "UV-Dayglow." The "UV" part of the name means that it glows under black light. "Day Glow" means they appear to glow under normal daylight...why they look so bright!
|Kryolan UV-Dayglow Aquacolor|
Wolfe Clear White Neon Paint
What about "Wolfe Clear White Neon." What's the deal...is it clear or is it white?
|Wolfe Clear White Neon|
It looks white in the container, but check out the images below. This paint goes on virtually clear, yet glows white when under a black light.
Wolfe Clear White square remained. While it was nowhere to be seen in broad daylight, it stayed clear as day under black light. I think the longer you leave it on, the better it will "stick," but something interesting to note!
|My arm after SCRUBBING off the earlier swatch samples...Wolfe Clear White remains|
It really goes on pretty invisible, which you can tell from how sloppy my lines are...it was hard to see what I was doing!
I had heard that you could lay down Ruby Red's invisible UV makeup over the top of other standard colors to make those colors glow. So, I tried it out...
|A stripe of Ruby Red "invisible" painted over other standard colors from other brands (Global, Paradise, Kryolan)|
As you can see, you can't really differentiate the colors once it's held under blacklight. So, if you think you can just add this over the top of your normal colors to make them glowing colors, you may be disappointed. However, this makeup could be really fun for some applications, especially on Halloween. You could paint a skull for example that is not visible during the day, but shows up under blacklight. Or, you could paint something like a happy clown face, and then use the invisible UV to create a scary clown over the top of it, revealing a change when under black light!
Dayglow = Bright, but UV Reactive ≠ Bright Necessarily!
Another important thing to note, is that while all of the UV reactive paints glow under blacklight, not all UV reactive paints will appear to be bright and neon looking in daylight. To appear super bright under daylight, the makeup must have the day glow pigments, which are not FDA compliant for cosmetics. This is why you will see warnings on the packaging of other brands' neon paints.
In their effort to offer only FDA compliant UV paints, Snazaroo and Ruby Red offer a line of paints that react under black light, however, they do not appear fluorescent looking in daylight. Here is an example of Ruby Red's UV makeup shown under daylight vs blacklight:
|Ruby Red UV makeup|
If you are buying these expecting to see bright, neon colors under normal light, you will be disappointed. Ruby Red does not appear super bright under normal light...they are not "day glow." They DO glow under black light, but the color variation is not super distinct. The huge plus side of Ruby Red UV makeup is that they use only FDA compliant pigments.
For more in-depth information on neon paints and FDA compliancy, check out my next blog post, coming soon!
I hope this has helped to clear some things up for you and help you visualize exactly what these fluorescing paint products can do! And please note that I am no scientist...so feel free to correct me in any of my light descriptions. I'm learning as I go too! :-)